Friday, December 3, 2010

Fitness Assessment and Brief Overview

The back-saver sit and reach is very similar to the traditional sit and reach except that the measurement is performed on one side at a time. By testing one leg at a time a determination can be made of any asymmetry in hamstring flexibility, and hyperextension of both knees is avoided. The sit and reach measures predominantly the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. Normal hamstring flexibility allows rotation of the pelvis in forward bending movements and posterior tilting of the pelvis for proper sitting.  The back-saver sit and reach has been shown to provide extremely consistent scores when administered under standardized conditions. The back-saver sit and reach has also been shown to be a reasonably accurate measure of hamstring flexibility.

Test Instuctions

The student removes his or her shoes and sits down at the test apparatus. One leg is fully extended with the foot flat against the face of the box. The other knee is bent with the sole of the foot flat on the floor. The instep is placed in line with, and 2 to 3 inches to the side of, the straight knee. The arms are extended forward over the measuring scale with the hands placed one on top of the other.  With palms down, the student reaches directly forward (keeping back straight and
the head up) with both hands along the scale four times and holds the position of the fourth reach for at least 1 second (photo 7.16). After one side has been measured, the student switches the position of the legs and reaches again. The student may allow the bent knee to move to the side as the body moves forward if necessary, but the sole of the foot must
remain on the floor.

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